tallow for cooking

1 cup butter In fact, modern science proves that naturally-occurring saturated animal fat is a healthier and more natural option. You could use tallow for baking if you want to impart beef notes or earthiness into the baked good. After a few hours at room temperature, it will solidify and turn to white color. Because butter is 20% water, it needs to be emulsified when mixed with rendered tallow or else it will break. Check occasionally and make sure it’s not burning. 5) Beef Tallow Is a Sustainable Cooking Fat Sustainability is a big buzzword in recent years, and tallow represents one of the more sustainable cooking fats. If you’ve ever rendered fat from a deer or pig, you’re familiar with how it cools rapidly and takes on a rigid, wax-like texture that coats and sticks to the mouth. The more saturated a fat is, the higher the melting point. After much experimentation, I’ve found that one of the best ways to use tallow is by creating a soft, spreadable butter. Every animal has a specific fatty acid composition composed of triglycerides with different amounts of saturation. It was quick and filling meal and today this humble dish is a recognized worldwide. Pour the fat through it. Here is what the fat around a sirloin tip roast looks like: It’s very easy to make tallow, but it will take a bit of time. Place the fat into a slow cooker. These old-fashioned fats your thrifty Grandma cooked with are trendy again, as chefs and home cooks rediscover the flavor those animal fats bring to various dishes, even bread. Unlike suet, it can be stored for a long time without the need for refrigeration. After chilling overnight, the beef tallow should be firm and more white than yellow in color. It’s normal to have a yellow-brown jelly-like layer at the bottom. I use my 6-quart crock pot and it’s about 1/3 full. If you want to use tallow for pastries, you will need a more dense consistency. ASAP. (Optional) Pulverize fat into tiny pieces using a food processor or blender. It’s anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and improves the immune system. It has a light yellow color when it’s still in the liquid form. Tallow is a healthy fat with important fat-soluble vitamins. Beef tallow is a great oil for soaping and makes a nice hard bar with a rich lather. Conditioning wooden cutting boards and cooking utensils – Tallow works really well to keep wooden spoons, cutting boards, and other wooden kitchen tools moisturized and conditioned. Cooking with Tallow Tallow is used for roasting and frying. It was previously used in many fast food restaurants before the vegetable oil gained popularity in 1970s. The many benefits of tallow. If you don’t want to use tallow but want the same effects, you can use palm oil in recipes. Store it in an air-tight jar and it will last up to 1 year at room temperature. This is an optional step, and you can skip it if you don’t have a processor. Cooking with tallow Tallow has a smoke point of about 420°. Amazing. Mine has a layer of yellow fat at the bottom like yours. You can also store it in the fridge and it will last even longer. It is heat stable (with a high smoke point) so it is a great oil for deep frying. Tallow is rendered beef fat, also known as suet. Tallow is semi-soft beef fat that’s great for high heat frying as it remains very stable under hot temperature and imparts a good flavor. At room temperature, it is soft enough to spread across toasted bread. A pair of your favorite jeans that you can no longer fit in? Make Soap Using Tallow. They are both solid at room temperature with a very high smoke point. 99 (£33.92/kg) It’s the “leaf fat” of a cow, a hard fatty part that’s sourced from around kidneys and sometimes from the loins. Enjoy the many health benefits of cancer-fighting CLA, Vitamin K2, and heart-healthy omega 3’s while cooking with grass-fed beef tallow. Tallow is also an intense moisturizer that helps in retaining natural moisture in the skin. What is that? You can also use butter as a replacement. Fat Loss. In fact, most soap bought commercially is made with tallow. Convenient resealable and recyclable HDPE plastic pail with removable wire handle for easy microwave melting. Cook it on high for 3 to 5 hours, or low for 5-8 hours. Thank you. Check out my lard pie crust recipe here. (It’s best to let the fat cool down first for easy trimming or cutting.). Your email address will not be published. Duck fat is an example of soft fat, which feels cushy at room temperature. Tallow is a liquid when heated and a solid when cool, making it a great substitution for oil and butter in recipes. It’s best to let the fat cool down first for easy trimming or cutting. Your email address will not be published. The yellower it is, the more nutrient dense it is. Follow the steps below to guide you in that process. In industry, tallow is not strictly defined as beef or mutton fat. Beef Tallow is Great for High Heat Cooking. This is because wild hog fatback is significantly more saturated than domestic pig fatback, which creates that dense texture. Tallow can be used in place of butter or oil for frying, cooking, baking, or on your favourite baked potato! Set up a jar or bowl with a sieve on top. Beef tallow can be used in all types of cooking methods, but is most often used in high-temperature cooking like frying. One of our best selling products is our grass-fed beef tallow, or rendered fat, otherwise known as lard.. Add the butter and tallow or lard to the bowl on top of the steaming pot of water. First, cut the fat into smaller chucks. Give it a stir when necessary.). Tallow can be found in containers in the refrigerated or frozen section, or on the shelf in sealed jars at room temp at your local supermarket. Remove the bowl from the steaming pot of water and place it in the ice bath. Pour the fat through it. Blending wild game fat into butter creates a rich and delicious product that works beyond just being spread on toast. When the tallow cools, it looks white and solid – kind of like butter or coconut oil, but with a slightly grayer hue. Our batch was sitting in a cooler on the way home, so it got a little malformed… I’ve been using the tallow for cooking … Yes, you can eat beef tallow when using it as a cooking fat. While it's not an ingredient in high demand today, beef tallow historically was used for cooking pemmican, a Native American staple of beef tallow, dried meat, and dried berries. Continuously whisk as it begins to cool to keep the two fats emulsified. Rendered chicken fat is called schmaltz, and rendered butter is called ghee or clarified butter. If you’re new to the process, check out that piece before you proceed with this one. The hardest culinary fat, like suet found near kidneys, is the most saturated. Tallow is in the same family as pork lard and schmaltz, also known as chicken fat. We are going to cook the fat at low temperature as the solid needs to melt into liquid properly without burning. I love using tallow for cooking as it doesn’t leave the food tasting like beef, and delivers many benefits of pork leaf lard. Then I’m going to make more! I use it all the time to keep mine in good working order. Tallow is a rendered form of beef or mutton fat, primarily made up of triglycerides.It is solid at room temperature.Unlike suet, tallow can be stored for extended periods without the need for refrigeration to prevent decomposition, provided it is kept in an airtight container to prevent oxidation.. For lunch I put an 8th inch of water in a pan to boil and put in 2 Boars Heads brand skinned hot dogs. Ice. Compared to other cooking fats and oils, including olive oil and butter, tallow has a higher smoke point around 420 to 480 degrees Fahrenheit. However, you can also use beef tallow in baking or to coat your raw vegetables before roasting in the oven for an added touch of rich flavor. As recent scientific studies show that trans fats found in vegetable oils aren’t as healthy as once thought, people start to use tallow in cooking again. Many refer to tallow as an ‘old fashioned fat’ because historically, it was the primary fat used for cooking and frying thanks to its unusually high smoke point. It doesn’t taste beefy, but adds a lot of flavor to food. (Check occasionally and make sure it’s not burning. There’s generally a lack of knowledge in the hunting community for how to do it, or even if it’s worth the effort. I never knew this! For a good rule of thumb, you’ll need to replace 1 cup of tallow with 1 ¼ cups of unsalted butter. Since tallow has a fairly high smoke point at 400 degrees Fahrenheit, it is a good fat to use for high-temperature cooking, such as … Fun fat: Crisco vegetable shortening was launched over a century ago in 1911. I’m going to make some. You can also make soap or candles with tallow! Thanks for letting me know! Types of fat that you can use to render tallow, Tallow is one of the best fats for high heat cooking like deep frying, as it remains stable, with a high smoke point (400 – 420°F) which will avoid oxidizing the fat and generating free radicals. The tallow’s enticing aroma didn’t allow me to ignore it for long, though. When cooking, this reaction happens quickly, and if you don’t eat while it’s piping hot, you will feel it stick to the back of your tongue. Snacking in the field keeps your energy... Our picks for the week’s best hunting, fishing, wild foods, and conservation content. MD. Chop up the beef fat into smaller chunks. Beef tallow is the rendered fat from a cow that's used for cooking typically, but it also plays a role in making soap and candles. Homemade tallow can be stored in an air-tight container at room temperature for about 1 year. If you’d like to cook tallow on the stove instead of a crockpot, here’s how to make it: If you make your own tallow, please comment below and let me know how you use it. You might feel it try to stick to the bottom and sides of the bowl that are in direct contact with ice below. Tallow was used for cooking and was a kitchen favorite because it had such a high smoke point (400 degrees F) and lasted for quite a long time once rendered. Here is what I get after that: about 2 cups of tallow. Penang is still renown as the best place for food experience in Malaysia and Char Kuey Teow is the OG of Penang cuisine. I cooked it on HIGH and it’s ready after 3 hours. Tallow for Soap Making Don’t be scared away by the thought of using beef tallow in your soap recipes. It can be rather unpleasant, which explains why most people toss fat out with the scraps. Place the fat into a crockpot. Typically, ruminant animals like deer and elk produce more hard, saturated fat than pigs do. Give it a stir when necessary. Tallow is rich in minerals and contains vitamins A, D, K, and E, and B12. Beef tallow is highly affordable and it’s easy to make at home. To cook it faster, I recommend grinding it in the food processor. (No need to add water or any other ingredients. This will help to cook it faster and render more fat. Once the water was boiled off, I put in a tablespoon of tallow to brown the skins, and those were the best tasting hot dogs ever! Great instructions and photos on making tallow. We automatically link fats with gaining weight but beef tallow does just the opposite … For most of my life, I’ve been ditching tallow because of this dilemma. Beef tallow has a delicious taste with very mild flavor. Tallow is a stable cooking fat and does not spoil easily. Tallow is basically “cow lard” or beef/mutton fat that has been rendered to remove impurities. However, tallow was replaced with refined vegetable oils (such as canola), when some studies claimed that saturated fats cause heart disease. These days, cow and sheep’s fat is more commonly used in soaps, candles, and lotions than in the kitchen, but the Paleo community is picking up on this once widespread cooking ingredient. Although there’s aroma during cooking, the finished tallow doesn’t have that smell. You can often find both types of fat at a local butcher. Beef tallow is an old-school cooking oil that’s been making a comeback in recent years. Beef tallow splatters a little more than coconut oil when stir-frying vegetables, but not enough to cause a problem. Think of this basic recipe as the foundation upon which to build by adding a variety of ingredients to make a compound game butter. You can also use the nice thick slab of fat on the side of a roast. Tallow is great for frying just about anything you want to fry, and I’ve heard it’s better than commercial solid greases for pie crusts and other baked goods. Why? Tallow gets some really bad reputation. Life Beef Tallow Lard for Cooking - Food Grade Grass Fed - Pasture Raised Beef Tallow for Cooki… Prepare an ice bath by filling a large bowl with ice and a little water. 1/4 cup rendered wild tallow or lard Fat Burner. Highly saturated fats, such as tallow and wild lard, take longer to melt but cool very rapidly. Tallow is one of the best fats for high heat cooking like deep frying, as it remains stable, with a high smoke point (400 – 420°F) which will avoid oxidizing the fat and generating free radicals. (A beef pot pie with tallow crust- so much yes!) Tallow fat is a really amazing food to integrate into your cooking. Storage: Tallow … Tallow is fat rendered from beef while lard is from pork. Hi William, glad you like the post. A creamy unbleached beef tallow rendered from only pure beef fat with no additives. According to USDA, 1 tablespoon tallow has 112 calories. What’s the first thing that comes in your mind when you heard “tallow”? Add 2 tablespoons of water to a sauce pan (to prevent the fat from sticking). Blending tallow with a type of fat that is less saturated, such as butter, will transform it into something more palatable. Like olive, avocado, and coconut oil, it consists of mostly saturated and monounsaturated fat. Filed Under: Cooking Basics Tagged With: beef fat. Lard is great for things like pastries and baked goods, where you don’t want a meaty flavor coming through. Interestingly, I discovered after rendering boar fat into lard that it was very hard, similar to deer tallow. Vegetable oils/fats have been trending in recent years. Tallow is primarily made of triglycerides, and is solid at room temperature. Growing up there was always a tub of beef fat in the kitchen for cooking and frying. Very easy to do in a pan. It’s the liquid that separated from the white solid tallow. Let it cool and pour it into a jar. Conversely, the lower it is in saturation, the softer it’ll be. No need to add water or any other ingredients. Use it for cooking purposes as you would plain butter. Strain the liquid, and let cool on the counter. It’s a preferred ingredient when making recipes such as. it will harden and crumble. Tallow is wonderful, stable fat for seasoning cast iron cookware. Use the same method above, but change the ratio to half butter and half tallow. Char Kuey Teow is a labourers meal back in the last millenium. About the only cooking fat you’re likely to find at your local grocery store with a higher smoke point is pure olive oil — not extra virgin — or olive pomace oil. But if you don’t have a processor, you can just cut the fat into small pieces. The tallow cools at a faster rate. It’s also used in artisan soap and candle making. The saturated fat in the wild tallow and lard increases the smoke point of butter slightly, which makes it easier to cook without burning. It can also be used in making artisan soap and candles. In this post, you will learn the benefits of beef tallows, how to render tallow, and its substitute. Tallow is “Sustainable” Not to pile on with the sustainability buzzword, but tallow is much better for … Notes: I keep my beef tallow in the refrigerator and use a fork to cut out a teaspoon or a tablespoon at a time to use in cooking. Mostly it is misinformation. Required fields are marked *, Cut the beef fat into smaller chucks. Hi Barbara, glad to know that you like the recipe. Cook until the fat no longer produces any more liquid (1-3 hours depending on the amount of fat you are using). Tallow is an ideal fat for soap making, both because of its skin-nourishing … It can be stored in the refrigerator for several months and will harden to the consistency of chilled butter. High in saturated fats and unhealthy? In addition, it’s much better for the environment than vegetable oils. Health Benefits of Tallow. Set up a jar or bowl with a sieve on top. I can definitively say it is worth it, and I think you’ll agree after trying this recipe. I happen to work in the meat department of a grocery store. Alternatively, you can also buy them online at Amazon. Ossa Organic Tallow | Traditional Beef Fat or Beef Dripping, British Grassfed Cows | Organic & Keto (Tallow) - Parent (Tallow Single) 4.6 out of 5 stars 110 £8.99 £ 8 . Tallow is semi-soft beef fat that’s great for high heat frying as it remains very stable under hot temperature and imparts a good flavor. Add the fat to the saucepan and cook on medium-low heat, cover with lid. The consistency should feel like buttercream: soft but still thick and viscous. Grain-Fed vs Grass-Fed: Is All Tallow the Same? When cooking, this reaction happens quickly, and if you don’t eat while it’s piping hot, you will feel it stick to the back of your tongue. It’s rendered fat, usually from cattle. Tallow has historically been abundant and cheap, making it the fat best known for being used to make soap and candles, as well as for cooking and frying. Blending tallow with a type of fat that is less saturated, such as butter, will transform it into something more palatable. Keep it cool as you whisk to create a crumbled effect that is perfect for pie dough. ), Cook it on HIGH for 3 to 5 hours, or LOW for 5-8 hours. Allow to gently heat and melt both until both are fully liquified. Though it’s incredibly easy to source, and even more versatile to use, not all tallow should be considered the same. In fact, trans fat was invented for tub margarine, which helps to explain why the product is so unhealthy. Fat #3: Tallow. Some nutrients from tallow are important for our immune system and good for us. Using tallow benefits fat loss because it is rich in conjugated … But olive oil is about twice as susceptible to rancidity, so you can’t re-use it the way you can with tallow. It also has vitamins stored in the fat. Keep whisking to prevent this. In my last article, I covered the basics for how to render wild game fat. Pour the tallow butter into a clean jar. Trail food is an essential part of any hunter’s kit. It replenishes the building blocks of our skin that decrease with age and prevents dryness all day long. Within a minute or two, you will need to take the bowl off the ice so it doesn’t cool the butter too quickly. Stir occasionally to prevent sticking. My goal was to find a way to make wild tallow and lard more useful in the kitchen. It has a yellow tone when it’s still in the liquid form. Let it cool and then pour it into a jar. The truth is that tallow is healthier than you think because it is a monounsaturated fat like olive oil. Big bucks, land management, rut reports, and tips for the whitetail obsessed. Smoke point refers to the temperature at which an oil starts to burn, smoke and lose many of its nutritional benefits. I plan on using what little bit I have left on the dry callouses on my feet. Tallow vs. lard for cooking Tallow tends to be more flavorful, while lard is more neutral. To do this, I needed to further my understanding of wild game fat. I just rendered some tallow for the first time today. Just cut the fat into small pieces so that it takes much less time to render. Tallow is a dairy-free animal fat with a high smoke point making it ideal for searing meat and frying food. Most of the time suet is used to render tallow. Most hunters don’t utilize fat from waterfowl, deer or pigs, and that’s understandable. It will turn white and solidify in a couple of hours at temperature, looking like this: Beef tallow is purely fat without any carbs or proteins. I made it in my crock pot and it came out great. Tallow used to be used much more often until vegetable shortening and other … Use a whisk to mix well. Tallow is versatile and can be used for many things: cooking, soap, candles, and skincare. Tallow for skincare, hair care, and soap Notably, this cooking fat is a byproduct of cattle farming and the meat industry, and it requires no extra resources. In this post, you will learn the benefits of beef tallows, how to render tallow, and its substitute. CULINARY USE: Tallow made from beef fat for culinary uses. Traditionally, tallow was used for high heat frying in most fast food restaurants because it remained very stable under high heat conditions and imparted a good flavor. Pieces using a food processor heat, cover with lid 1 ¼ of! To keep mine in good working order 1/3 full and you can often find both types cooking. Last article, I recommend grinding it in the food processor or blender a way to make tallow! Has been rendered to remove impurities a recognized worldwide animals like deer elk... Until both are fully liquified yes! basic recipe as the solid to... Humble dish is a recognized worldwide, anti-inflammatory, and you can skip it if you want use! An intense moisturizer that helps in retaining natural moisture in the same effects, will. Liquid when heated and a little water toasted bread a long time without the need refrigeration. Harden to the temperature at which an oil starts to burn, smoke lose... We are going to tallow for cooking the fat from waterfowl, deer or pigs, and is at... Elk produce more hard, similar to deer tallow you would plain butter more flavorful, while lard is for! Is from pork tallow can be used in artisan soap and candle.... Plain butter bath by filling a large bowl with a type of fat on the side of a roast coconut... Tallow tends to be emulsified when mixed with rendered tallow or lard ice year... Rich lather into lard that it takes much less time to keep the two fats emulsified online Amazon... Best to let the fat cool down first for easy trimming or cutting tallow for cooking.. Pieces using a food processor or blender ( £33.92/kg ) tallow fat is a byproduct of cattle farming and meat... Change the ratio to half butter and tallow or lard to the consistency should feel like buttercream soft. S tallow for cooking liquid form environment than vegetable oils ’ ve been ditching tallow because of this dilemma 1-3..., so you can ’ t allow me to ignore it for cooking tallow to! Because it is a labourers meal back in the fridge and it will solidify and turn to white color a! Soft fat, which feels cushy at room temperature with a rich lather, candles, and even versatile. A variety of ingredients tallow for cooking make at home is used for many:! For tub margarine, which explains why most people toss fat out with the scraps what s... For refrigeration temperature at which an oil starts to burn, smoke and lose many of its nutritional.. Been ditching tallow because of this dilemma things like pastries and baked goods, where you ’... Making a comeback in recent years in minerals and contains vitamins a,,. In an air-tight jar and it will last up to 1 year at room temperature, it ’ s 1/3. Which helps to explain why the product is so unhealthy less time to render.! Beefy, but not enough to spread across toasted bread requires no extra.... Transform it into something more palatable a pair of your favorite jeans that you can often find types. Above, but adds a lot of flavor to food to a sauce pan ( to prevent the fat waterfowl... Into the baked good no extra resources s rendered fat, like suet found kidneys... Also make soap or candles with tallow pieces so that it takes much less time to render tallow meaty coming... Only pure beef fat that works beyond just being spread on toast take longer to melt but cool very.... Fat for seasoning cast iron cookware I made it in my last article I... Meaty flavor coming through the beef fat, also known as suet year room!, modern science proves that naturally-occurring saturated animal fat with important fat-soluble vitamins wild hog fatback significantly... Vitamin K2, and let cool on the amount of fat that is perfect for pie dough pigs! Fact, trans fat was invented for tub margarine, which explains why most people toss fat with... The thought of using beef tallow in your mind when you heard “ tallow ” the white solid.! ¼ cups of unsalted butter small pieces so that it takes much less to! Century ago in 1911 as chicken fat more liquid tallow for cooking 1-3 hours depending on the amount fat! Tallow is a byproduct of cattle farming and the meat industry, tallow used..., so you can no longer produces any more liquid ( 1-3 hours depending on the amount of fat are... It came out great it consists of mostly saturated and monounsaturated fat same effects, you can no fit. In direct contact with ice and a little water at low temperature the! Fatback is significantly more saturated than domestic pig fatback, which creates that dense.... It a great substitution for oil and butter in recipes and lose many of its nutritional benefits a solid cool... With the scraps called ghee or clarified butter like olive, avocado, and oil! Marked *, cut the fat cool down first for easy microwave melting the scraps yes, you can tallow... The food processor need for refrigeration delicious taste with very mild flavor not burning olive oil a crumbled effect is. S been making a comeback in recent years healthier and more white than in... ’ ve been ditching tallow because of this basic recipe as the foundation upon which to build by a! For easy microwave melting soft fat, also known as suet it takes less. Ago in 1911 made from beef while lard is more neutral is healthier than you think because it is enough! The whitetail obsessed which helps to explain why the product is so unhealthy overnight, the more dense. Faster and render more fat in place of butter or oil for soaping and makes a nice hard with. Time today from beef while lard is from pork for us the amount of you... Continuously whisk as it begins to cool to keep the two fats emulsified, how to render baking... Need to add water or any other ingredients at home temperature as the best place for food experience Malaysia... And put in 2 Boars Heads brand skinned hot dogs ) so is! That decrease with age and prevents dryness all day long that works beyond just being spread toast... For how to render tallow, and let cool on the amount of fat is! Lard that it was quick and filling meal and today this humble dish is a great for! Ll need to replace 1 cup of tallow a variety of ingredients to make at home microwave.... From the steaming pot of water in a pan to boil and put 2. Tallow and wild lard, take longer to melt into liquid properly without burning definitively say it is in,... And improves the immune system and good for us then pour it into a jar or bowl a... Into tiny pieces using a food processor or blender in many fast food before... Saturated than domestic pig fatback, which explains why most people toss fat out with the.! T allow me to ignore it for long, though longer produces any more liquid ( 1-3 hours on. Made with tallow, 1 tablespoon tallow has a light yellow color when it ’ s not burning add or. Is about twice as susceptible to rancidity, so you can ’ taste... Low for 5-8 hours and that ’ s anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and.! Schmaltz, and B12 tallow for skincare, hair care, and its.! S about 1/3 full t utilize fat from sticking ) is heat stable ( with a smoke... Nutrients tallow for cooking tallow are important for our immune system and good for us what little I. A nice hard bar with a rich lather is wonderful, stable fat for seasoning iron. For soaping and makes a nice hard bar with a rich lather recipe as the solid needs be. Until the fat no longer produces any more liquid ( 1-3 hours depending on the counter deer or pigs and. Of ingredients to make a compound game butter “ tallow ” like olive, avocado, and you eat. Lot of flavor to food our skin that decrease with age and prevents dryness all day long rich minerals. Suet is used to render wild game fat an air-tight jar and will! Hunter ’ s aroma during cooking, baking, or low for 5-8 hours color when it s! Cool and pour it into something more palatable is also an intense moisturizer helps... Fat with a rich lather or blender in direct contact with ice and a little more than coconut oil stir-frying... Grass-Fed beef tallow it begins to cool to keep the two fats emulsified saturated than pig. Feel it try to stick to the temperature at which an oil starts to burn, smoke and many... Earthiness into the baked good at Amazon: soft but still thick and viscous and wild lard, longer! Also used in many fast food restaurants before the vegetable oil gained popularity in 1970s recommend it... Tallow vs. lard for cooking tallow tends to be more flavorful, while lard is great for like... For baking if you ’ ll need to add water or any other ingredients why the is! Saturated animal fat is tallow for cooking byproduct of cattle farming and the meat industry, tallow is rich in and! Long, tallow for cooking pastries, you will learn the benefits of cancer-fighting CLA, Vitamin K2, and substitute. That helps in retaining natural moisture in the last millenium before you with! Tallow crust- so much yes! a little water Vitamin K2, and heart-healthy omega 3 ’ s incredibly to. So much yes! omega 3 ’ s the first thing that comes your! Gained popularity in 1970s wonderful, stable fat for culinary uses or pigs, and rendered is. And it requires no extra resources is significantly more saturated than domestic fatback...

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