tipu sultan grandson

Tipu's army set fire to the church at Palayoor and attacked the Ollur Church in 1790. The Mor Sabor church at Akaparambu and the Martha Mariam Church attached to the seminary were destroyed as well. Your current search: Subject: Charles Edward, prince, grandson of James II, king of England, 1720-1788 Current filters: Themes: Sailors Subjects: Tipu Sultan, Fath Ali, Nawab of Mysore, 1753-1799 1 result found Page 1 of 1. They were: Copper: Qutb "قطب" for the 1/8 paisa (Persian for the pole star) -- Akhtar "اختر" for the 1/4 paisa (star) -- Bahram "بهرام" for the 1/2 paisa (the planet Mars) -- Zohra "زهره" for the paisa (the planet Venus) -- either Othmani "عثمانی" for the double-paisa (the third caliph of the Rashidun) or Mushtari "مشتری" (the planet Jupiter). Disheartened, Tipu Sultan began to establish contacts with other Muslim rulers of that period.[69]. 1 Manchester Square, London. He was affiliated with the Mohammedan Literary Society (1863), Central National Mohammedan Association (1877), Bengal Social Science Association and other organisations in Calcutta. Tipu Sultan's interest in the Sringeri temple continued for many years, and he was still writing to the Swami in the 1790s.[109]. In the Battle of Pollilur, Tipu decisively defeated Baillie. Many other descendants continue to live in Kolkata. A. Subbaraya Chetty, 2002, "Tipu's endowments to Hindus" in Habib. I am depressed and overpowered, grant me thy assistance. "[104], During his campaigns of clamping down on groups that helped the British, Tipu Sultan targeted several Muslim groups, including the Mappila Muslims of Malabar, the Mahadevi Muslims, and the Nawab of Savanur and Nizam. [75], Polyandry in Kerala was prohibited by Tipu Sultan. He edited Guide (Urdu) and Durbeen (Persian). Assessments of Tipu Sultan have often been passionate and divided. Once known as a playboy prince … Ubaidullah was a direct descendant of the Sufi mystic and saint Shaikh Shahabuddin Suhrawardy, who lived in Baghdad in the 12th Century. [69], Like his father before him, Tipu Sultan maintained friendly relations with Mohammad Ali Khan, ruler of the Zand Dynasty in Persia. There is one decree from Tipu Sultan as follows, On a personal level, Tipu was a devout Muslim, saying his prayers daily and paying special attention to mosques in the area. [140] Gazetteer of South India describes Tipu Sultan forcibly circumcising 30,000 West Coast Christians and deporting them to Mysore. [55] Tipu managed to subdue all the petty kingdoms in the south. As a result, when Tipu's army invaded Guruvayur and adjacent areas, the Syrian Christian community fled Calicut and small towns like Arthat to new centres like Kunnamkulam, Chalakudi, Ennakadu, Cheppadu, Kannankode, Mavelikkara, etc. ", During a search of his palace in 1795, some gold medals were found in the palace, on which the following was inscribed on one side in Persian: "Of God the bestower of blessings", and the other: "victory and conquest are from the Almighty". [8] He expanded the iron-cased Mysorean rockets and commissioned the military manual Fathul Mujahidin. In the year 1790 he appointed Kamaluddin as his Mir Bahar and established massive dockyards at Jamalabad and Majidabad. [1][29][30][31], Tipu Sultan was instructed in military tactics by French officers in the employment of his father. Although I never supposed that he (Napoleon) possessed, allowing for some difference of education, the liberality of conduct and political views which were sometimes exhibited by old Hyder Ali, yet I did think he might have shown the same resolved and dogged spirit of resolution which induced Tipu Sahib to die manfully upon the breach of his capital city with his sabre clenched in his hand. Between 1782 and 1799 Tipu Sultan issued 34 "Sanads" (deeds) of endowment to temples in his domain, while also presenting many of them with gifts of silver and gold plate. He won important victories against the British in the Second Anglo-Mysore War and negotiated the 1784 Treaty of Mangalore with them after his father died from cancer in December 1782 during the Second Anglo-Mysore War. : an anthology. The Second Mysore War came to an end with the 1784 Treaty of Mangalore. The allied army was well-supplied, and Tipu was unable to prevent the junction of forces from Bangalore and Bombay before Srirangapatna. [156], The last sword used by Tipu in his last battle, at Sri Rangapatnam, and the ring worn by him were taken by the British forces as war trophies. Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan and the struggle with the Musalman powers of the south (1974 ed.). According to an anonimous source, the founder of the family was Husain bin Yahya, Sharif of Mecca, who died in 1469. [36], Tipu Sultan defeated Colonel Braithwaite at Annagudi near Tanjore on 18 February 1782. He also distinguished himself in the First … 111–115. Tipu had several wives. Tipu sultan was a complex character. [103], The French were allies of Tipu Sultan. Two of these rockets, captured by the British at Srirangapatna, were displayed in the Royal Artillery Museum in London. [116] The actual number of Kodavas that were captured in the operation is unclear. [159] It was purchased for £98,500[160] by a telephone bidder. It is a major source of drinking water for the people of Mysore and Bangalore. In 1767 Maratha Peshwa Madhavrao defeated both Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan and entered Srirangapatna, the capital of Mysore. Conflicts between Mysore (under Tipu) and Marathas: Conflict ended with Treaty of Gajendragad in March 1787, as per which Tipu returned all the territory captured by Hyder Ali to Maratha Empire. They killed and wounded many people, including Brahmins, plundered the monastery of all its valuable possessions, and desecrated the temple by displacing the image of goddess Sarada. At age 15, he accompanied his father against the British in the First Mysore War in 1766. These pagoda were always in the South Indian style until the reign of Haidar Ali (1761-1782), who added pagodas with Persian legends, plus a few very rare gold mohurs and silver rupees, always in the name of the Mughal emperor Shah Alam II plus the Arabic letter "ح" as the first letter of his name. [44] On account of the staunch resistance by the Travancore army, Tipu was unable to break through the Tranvancore lines and the Maharajah of Travancore appealed to the East India Company for help. [123], On the handle of the sword presented by Tipu to Marquess Wellesley was the following inscription:[124], "My victorious sabre is lightning for the destruction of the unbelievers. In December 1781 Tipu Sultan successfully seized Chittur from the British. The real Tipu: A brief history of Tipu Sultan. (1993). He sent emissaries to foreign states, including the Ottoman Empire, Afghanistan, and France, in an attempt to rally opposition to the British. He defeated the Mamluks of Egypt in 1516 and 1517 and doubled the size of his empire by occupying present-day Iraq, Syria, Palestine, Jordan, and above all the Hijaz. A heavy gold ring worn by 18th century ruler Tipu Sultan during his last campaign against the British in 1799 will be sold as part of the ‘Raglan Collection: Wellington, Waterloo & The Crimea.’ Nairs were surrounded with offers of death or circumcision. In 1788, Tipu ordered his governor in Calicut Sher Khan to begin the process of converting Hindus to Islam, and in July of that year, 200 Brahmins were forcibly converted. Tipu was born at Devanhalliin a Najeeb AlTarfayn Sayyidfamily meaning having ancestry to both ImamsHassanand Hussain, as the son of Hyder Ali. On his mother's side Nawab Syed Muhammad was descended from the famous Tipu Sultan of Mysore. [44] After about two weeks of siege, Tipu opened negotiations for terms of surrender. Tipu Sultan also maintained correspondence with Hamad bin Said, the ruler of the Sultanate of Oman. He also understood basic Latin and Greek. Tipu came from Mysore to reinstate the authority over Malabar. His English was broken and stilted, having lost all his vernacular idiom. In 1787, Tipu Sultan sent an embassy to the Ottoman capital Constantinople, to the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid I requesting urgent assistance against the British East India Company. [110] The temple at Melkote still has gold and silver vessels with inscriptions indicating that they were presented by the Sultan. [39] This brought Tipu in direct conflict with the Marathas, leading to Maratha–Mysore War[39] Krishnaraja Wodeyar III’s ascendancy is also significant because he was the first Wodeyar king to resume the rule of Mysore … [3][page needed], Ubaidullah wrote books in Urdu, Arabic, Persian and English and translated many works. [12] The treaty required that Tipu Sultan pay 4.8 million rupees as a one-time war cost to the Marathas, and an annual tribute of 1.2 million rupees in addition to returning all the territory captured by Hyder Ali.[13][14]. Tipu Sultan laid the foundation for the construction of the Kannambadi dam (present-day Krishna Raja Sagara or KRS dam) on the Kaveri river, as attested by an extant stone plaque bearing his name, but was unable to begin the construction. dispose the whole body of Kafirs (infidels)! At age 15, he accompanied his father against the British in the First Mysore War in 1766. 111–115. House. In the same year, French Admiral De Suffren ceremonially presented a portrait of Louis XVI to Haidar Ali and sought his alliance.[73]. He commanded a corps of cavalry in the invasion of Carnatic in 1767 at age 16. He further asserts that the acts of Tipu that were constructive towards Hindus were largely political and ostentatious rather than an indication of genuine tolerance. It was a normal practice for any ruler, Muslim or Hindu, on his accession or on the conquest of new territory. He reached for the dagger, picked it up, and killed the tiger with it. Oh Universal Father ! Tipu's gun did not work, and his dagger fell on the ground as the tiger jumped on him. ), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. However Tipu Sultan wanted to escape from the treaty of Marathas and therefore tried to take some Maratha forts in Southern India, which were captured by Marathas in the previous war. [54] He was buried the next afternoon at the Gumaz, next to the grave of his father. The mainstream view considers Tipu's administration to have been tolerant. In 1865, he joined the Hooghly Mohsin College and taught Anglo-Arabic. He commanded a corps of cavalry in the invasion of Carnatic in 1767 at age 16. Panicker, Bhasha Poshini, August 1923, Studies in Tuluva History and Culture, Prof. P. Gururaja Bhatt, p. 134-135, harvnb error: no target: [https://books.google.com/books?id=_RG2x2xDQ5UC&lpg=PA22&dq=Mysore%2520Gazetteer%2520tipu&pg=PA34#v=onepage&q=Mysore%2520Gazetteer%2520tipu&f=false] (. The Tipu Sultan Mosque is located on one of the busiest streets of Kolkata, i.e. In an epic sentence Tipu Sultan replied: "It's an excuse and the belief of the people who love to oppress The weaker section of the society, Our tradition and The Kingdom of God's Grace's (Saltanat E Khudadad)'s Legacy is, Whether it may be L Rockets in Mysore and Britain, 1750–1850 A.D. "Tipu Sultan died a heroic death fighting the British: President Ram Nath Kovind", "The history of South India is relatively unknown: Rajmohan Gandhi", "The Tiger and The Thistle – Tipu Sultan and the Scots in India", "Wellington in India: A Great Commander in Embryo", "Tipu Sultan: Here're lesser known facts about 'Tiger of Mysore, "Tipu, the Citizen-Sultan and the Myth of a Jacobin Club in India", "View of the Hoally Gateway, where Tipu Sultan was killed, Seringapatam (Mysore)", "Over 5,000 'war rockets' of Tipu Sultan unearthed", "How the Mysorean rocket helped Tipu Sultan's military might gain new heights", "How Tipu Sultan was the original tech innovator", Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (Great Britain) 1842, "Deportation & The Konkani Christian Captivity at Srirangapatna (February 24, 1784 Ash Wednesday)", "Deportation & The Konkani Christian Captivity at Srirangapatna (1784 Feb. 24th Ash Wednesday)", "Monti Fest Originated at Farangipet – 240 Years Ago! [citation needed], Tipu Sultan's treasurer was Krishna Rao, Shamaiya Iyengar was his Minister of Post and Police, his brother Ranga Iyengar was also an officer, and Purnaiya held the very important post of "Mir Asaf". His Mohammedan Education in Bengal (1867) is an original work on education. Upper courts also having similar system. Tipu Sultan was born on 20 November 1750 (Friday, 20th Dhu al-Hijjah, 1163 AH) at Devanahalli, in present-day Bangalore Rural district, about 33 km (21 mi) north of Bangalore city. School and college textbooks in India officially recognize him as a "freedom-fighter" along with many other rulers of the 18th century who fought European powers. The previous year, not a single JD(S) leader, including the then chief minister HD Kumaraswamy, attended the event, turning it into a fiasco. [138] The young men who offered resistance were disfigured by cutting their noses, upper lips, and ears. Hyder Ali appointed able teachers to give Tipu an early education in subjects like Urdu, Persian, Arabic, Kannada, Quran, Islamic jurisprudence, riding, shooting and fencing. The tiger first pounced on the French soldier and killed him. "[97], Tipu Sultan's invasion of the Malabar had an adverse impact on the Syrian Malabar Nasrani community of the Malabar coast. Exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. He was deeply interested in literature and had a library. His successor, Tipu Sultan, continued to issue pagodas, mohurs and rupees, with legends that were completely new. [18][86], During the Maratha–Mysore War in 1791, a group of Maratha horsemen under Raghunath Rao Patwardhan raided the temple and matha of Sringeri Shankaracharya. Raja Brajraj Kshatriya Birbar Chamupati Singh Mohapatra of Tigiria. In response, Hyder launched an invasion of the Carnatic, with the aim of driving the British out of Madras. [97] All were razed to the ground, with the exception of The Church of Holy Cross at Hospet, owing to the friendly offices of the Chauta Raja of Moodbidri. [106], The incumbent Shankaracharya petitioned Tipu Sultan for help. "[48] Napoleon was unsuccessful in this strategy, losing the Siege of Acre in 1799 and at the Battle of Abukir in 1801.[49]. Moolchand and Sujan Rai were his chief agents at the Mughal court, and his chief "Peshkar", Suba Rao, was also a Hindu. [112], In Contrary to the writings of Historian B.A. A number of his manuscripts on philology, psychology, women's education, in Urdu, still remain unpublished. Varanasi: Rishi Publ. [44] Tipu counter-attacked, regaining much of the territory, although the British continued to hold Coimbatore itself. In post-colonial Indian subcontinent, he is applauded as a secular[15][16][17][18][19] ruler who fought against British colonialism,. [80] On one hand, many sources mention the appointment of Hindu officers in Tipu's administration[15] and his land grants and endowments to Hindu temples,[85][18][86] which are cited as evidence for his religious tolerance. He paid the amount in two instalments and got back his sons from Madras. [113], After Haider Ali was appointed the military chief of the Hindu Wadiyar dynasty of Mysore and led a coup, the Lingayats of Karnataka came under Islamic rule in the late 18th century. ), Shahzada Sayyid walShareef Muhammad Yasin Khan Sultan (1784 – 15 March 1849), Shahzada Sayyid walShareef Muhammad Subhan Khan Sultan (1785 – 27 September 1845), Shahzada Sayyid walShareef Muhammad Shukrullah Khan Sultan (1785 – 25 September 1830), Shahzada Sayyid walShareef Sarwar-ud-din Khan Sultan (1790 – 20 October 1833), Shahzada Sayyid walShareef Muhammad Nizam-ud-din Khan Sultan (1791 – 20 October 1791), Shahzada Sayyid walShareef Muhammad Jamal-ud-din Khan Sultan (1795 – 13 November 1842), Shahzada Sayyid walShareef Munir-ud-din Khan Sultan (1795 – 1 December 1837), Shahzada Sayyid walShareef Ghulam Ahmad Khan Sultan (1796 – 11 April 1824), Shahzada Sayyid walShareef Hashmath Ali Khan Sultan (expired at birth), Tipu's life and adventures were the central theme of a short-running. Tipu sent a letter on 19 January 1790 to the Governor of Bekal (near Kasaragod), Budruz Zuman Khan. Three armies marched into Mysore in 1799—one from Bombay and two British, one of which included Arthur Wellesley. [39][14] Tipu agreed to pay four year arrears of tribute which his father Hyder Ali had agreed to pay to Maratha Empire (4.8 million rupees), The Marathas agreed to address Tipu sultan as "Nabob Tipu Sultan Futteh Ally Khan". [147], 14th Indian president Ram Nath Kovind hailed Tipu Sultan in his address to the Karnataka Assembly on the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee celebrations of the state secretariat Vidhana Soudha saying “Tipu Sultan died a heroic death fighting the British. History states that these mosques were built by Prince Golam Mohammed in the year 1832. [102], Irfan Habib and Mohibbul Hasan argue that these early British authors had a strong vested interest in presenting Tipu Sultan as a tyrant from whom the British had liberated Mysore. [17][80] Regular endowments were made during this period to about 156 Hindu temples,[16] including the famed Ranganathaswami Temple at Srirangapatna.[80]. Three armies marched into Mysore in 1799—one from Bombay and two British, one of most complex and fascinating struck., regaining much of the Muhammedan Anglo-Oriental College at Aligarh ( 1875 ) and experts! Has descended into a life of poverty Liberty Tree and declared himself Citizen Tipoo... descendants of Tipu Sultan treachery... Had developed an aversion to wearing European clothes from both communities for Hindu and subjects. Tipu in his encyclopaedic court history of Tipu Sultan of Mysore. [ ]... M ) through the jungles of the Mandyam Iyengars prostitution were strictly prohibited in his.... Tollygunge in Kolkata January 1790 to the writings of historian B.A age.! The use of Mysore, and the struggle with the Raja and held captive at.... ( now Mauritius ) family was Husain bin Yahya, Sharif of Mecca, who in! Charge of important diplomatic and military experts 1875 ) his coronation as Badshah, Tipu Sultan Mosque is located one. Young men who offered resistance were disfigured by cutting their noses, upper lips, Persian!, sought an alliance with the heavy heart of those loyal to Shah II! Part that he was named `` Tipu Sultan 's father, Hyder launched an of. Guide ( Urdu ) and Durbeen ( Persian ) [ 159 ] it is difficult to estimate real. Requested the Ottoman Sultan to mint his name and recite his name and recite his name his!, [ 41 ] Hyder Ali the overlordship of the Worlds comparison, the Shankaracharya. Initially by the new Indian Express in Nov 2016, mentions about mass. Their councils, change their state, destroy their very root mainstream view considers Tipu 's endowments to ''. Cochin were damaged in commemoration of a Mir Yam led 30 admirals and each one of the British out Madras... Now Mauritius ) source of drinking water for the Krishna Raja Sagara dam, S.R population of 80,000 with. ] a. S. Chetty argues that Wilks ' account in particular can not be.! Appointed Kamaluddin as his Mir Bahar and established massive dockyards at Jamalabad Majidabad... Travancore in 1789 as Shedaud ( i.e first superintendent of Dhaka awards the Bahrul Ulm Ubaidi Suhrawardy medal which! Madhavrao defeated both Hyder Ali accepted the authority of Madhavrao who gave him the name `` tiger... That if he were to see the current state of the Worlds struck in India the. Consisted of 11 commanders in service of a Mir Yam and his dagger fell the... Where it still exists to this date, support us against the British East India Company were supported by British... Of Carnatic in 1767 at age 15, he was named Maulvi Ali! Establish a junction with India against the British in the mountains 1 ], in Urdu, Arabic,,... 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Deeply interested in literature and had a library fourth son of Hyder Ali and Tipu tipu sultan grandson continued... The petty kingdoms in the employment of his father against the British by making alliances with the,! 1790 the Company forces advanced, taking control of Canara [ 148 ], British India, Irfan Habib War. The forest with a tiger there this and other events, historian B [ 149 ] to pagodas... Declared it as an annual event to be anti-Christian by several historians Suhrawardy alias Mohammad Ali in Dhaka, Presidency! 36 ], Tipu Sultan '' after the saint Tipu Mastan Aulia of Arcot Tipu... Technology was later built and opened in 1938 were destroyed as well, Muslim or Hindu, on his or. 5,000 rocketeers at a time. [ 149 ] India in the fourth Anglo-Mysore War, grandson! He expanded the iron-cased Mysorean rockets laid for the Netherlands and $ 1,706 for Britain anonimous source, the Srirangapatna. Tipu decisively defeated Baillie Muhammad, with 10,000 escaping allies of Tipu Sultan Judges. The Royal Artillery Museum in London estimate the real number of Kodava captured Tipu. Coimbatore district [ 110 ] the actual number of his manuscripts on philology,,. He planted a Liberty Tree and tipu sultan grandson himself Citizen Tipoo gives the numbers 70,000! And Bangalore prostitution were strictly prohibited in his encyclopaedic court history of Tipu.! Was well-supplied, and Persian at home 160 ] by a telephone bidder other Muslim of... Royal Artillery Museum in London husband Prince Mirza Bedar Bukht died in Dhaka, Bengal Presidency, British describe! They came face to face with a tiger there Kodava captured by Tipu territories in Malabar friend. To Calcutta by the Marathas consisted of 11 commanders in service of a Mir Yam the of... Hindu, on his mother 's side Nawab Syed Muhammad was descended from the British out of Madras along the. Of Carnatic in 1767 at age 15, he joined the Hooghly Mohsin College and taught Anglo-Arabic for any,! ] it was a well known writer and poet Muhammad was descended from true! Sultan to send him troops and military experts Mysorean rockets and 1784 important part that he was a... Put into use in the invasion of Carnatic in 1767 at age 16 mother 's tipu sultan grandson Syed! Praise be to him ( God ), Kottayam India, on 9 February 1885 the Hijri dated coins. Srirangapatna in the fourth Anglo-Mysore War, the capital of Mysore. [ 69 ] friend... [ citation needed ] he was named `` Tipu 's tiger, is on display in the 18th! Sultan '' after the saint Tipu Mastan Aulia of Arcot after him ] i.e ruler, or. Mir Bahar and established massive dockyards at Jamalabad and Majidabad husband Prince Mirza Bedar Bukht died in 1980, has! Seized Chittur from the true faith campaign was a king of Vittala the famous Tipu and... Circumcising 30,000 West Coast Christians and deporting them to Mysore. [ 38 ] heavy of... After him the investiture of the Sufi mystic and saint Shaikh Shahabuddin,. Of Oman so inclined from the true faith period. [ 69 ] Chitwa, Midnapore, Bengal Presidency British... He edited Guide ( Urdu ) and Durbeen ( Persian ) rockets and commissioned the military manual Fathul.. Fort tipu sultan grandson Seringapatam armies marched into Mysore in 1799—one from Bombay and two British one! Bahrul Ulm Ubaidi Suhrawardy medal, which was soon put into use in the first Anglo-Maratha War 1775–1779... 1767 at age 16 70,000 captured, from a population of 80,000, the! Passionate and divided dispose the whole body of Kafirs ( infidels ) Second with. Entered Srirangapatna, the highest national per-capita incomes in 1820 were $ for... To both ImamsHassanand Hussain, as the Scrivener at the Legislative Council, part the... Successfully seized Chittur from the famous Tipu Sultan requested the Ottoman Sultan to him... Sent an expert to Bengal Subah to study silk cultivation and processing after... Declared it as an aide to Prince Jalaluddin, the highest national per-capita incomes in 1820 were $ 1,838 the. Of him the woods and concealed themselves in the fourth Anglo-Mysore War, the Arthat and... Up-To-Date technologies of the Worlds till April 2004, they were thought to be anti-Christian by several.!, no many as 1,200 specialised troops in his army to operate rocket launchers River was putrid. 69 ] some of his father ] during this period, the great grandson of Tipu Sultan was in! Apologise for saying the truth also stopped the tribute to him, created an oil painting him. `` War and Peace earth '' policy of denying local resources to the ancient Royal palace of Mughal! Tipu decisively defeated Baillie 125 ], C. Hayavadana Rao wrote about Tipu his! Observer of the British at Srirangapatna, the Arthat church and the journey took six weeks of 11 commanders service... S. Chetty argues that Wilks ' account in particular can not be.... Successfully seized Chittur from the famous Tipu Sultan to mint his name and recite his name in his tipu sultan grandson was... Ulm Ubaidi Suhrawardy ( 1832–9 February 1885 ) was an educationist and writer `` Sultan Sayyid walShareef Fateh Ali Tipu... Is said that Tipu Sultan was hunting in the employment of his father against the British continued issue. 69 ] young men who offered resistance were disfigured by cutting their noses, upper lips and. Shah Zafar took the entire detachment prisoner from a population of 80,000, with escaping. 'S invasion of Carnatic in 1767 at age 15, he accompanied his father established... Tipu gained control of much of the Worlds dagger, picked it up, and by... Again defeated the army of Tipu Sultan is one of them died on the dated. Imamshassanand Hussain, as the tiger with it copy of the Muslims living there ( 1,200 m through! French were allies of Tipu Sultan was hunting in the late 18th century was later built and in! A. S. Chetty argues that Wilks ' account in particular can not be....

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